C.R. Johnson, R.S. MacLeod, P.R. Ershler. A Computer Model for the Study of Electrical Current Flow in the Human Thorax, In Computers in Biology and Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 5, Elsevier BV, pp. 305--323. 1992.
Electrocardiography has played an important role in the detection and characterization of heart function, both in normal and abnormal states. In this paper we present an inhomogeneous, anisotropic computer model of the human thorax for use in electrocardiography with emphasis on the calculation of transthoracic potential and current distributions. Knowledge of the current pathways in the thorax has many applications in electrocardiography and has direct utility in studies pertaining to cardiac defibrillation, forward and inverse problems, impedance tomography, and electrode placement in electrocardiography.
Keywords: scalar field methods, vector field methods, tensor field methods, cardiac heart, scientific visualization